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Home / Verbal Ability / Syllogism – Questions and Answers for Competitive Examinations

Syllogism – Questions and Answers for Competitive Examinations

Are you dreaming to make your career in Banking sectors? Are you preparing for different categories of banking exams including IBPS, Bank PO, Clerical exams and other posts? Then you must include ‘assertion and reasoning’ in your exam course and study hard this chapter, because you must face a lot of challenging questions from this particular section during the exam hours. It’s alternatively called ‘Syllogism’, which is a very important part of your logical reasoning or verbal to non-verbal ability tests.

Syllogism Study Hard

Below, 20 questions with their justified explanations are given. Try to solve them very carefully and memorize properly, so that you could easily face the hurdle and successfully overcome them.

In each question below, there are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R).
Share your answer as per below provided codes:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
(e) Both A and R are false.

1. Assertion (A): Plaster of Paris is used by doctors for setting fractured bones.
Reason (R): When Plaster of Paris is mixed with water and applied around the fractured limbs, it sets into a hard mass.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Plaster of Paris when mixed with water and applied around the fractured limbs, it sets into a hard mass and keeps the bone joints in a fixed position. So, it can be used for setting fractured bones.

2. Assertion (A): The use of chlorofluorocarbons is banned throughout the world now-a-days.
Reason (R): This chemicals caused skin cancer.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

The use of chlorofluorocarbons is banned nowadays because these cause holes in the ozone layer through which ultraviolet rays penetrate and may cause skin cancer.

3. Assertion (A): Bronze is used for making statues.
Reason (R): Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. It’s resistant to corrosion and so it’s used to make statues.

4. Assertion (A): India is facing the problem of inflation.
Reason (R): We have failed to check the black money.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Inflation in India is caused by unrestricted growth of black money.

5. Assertion (A): Leaves of plants are green.
Reason (R): Plants contain chromoplasts, the green pigment.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false.

Explanation

Explanation

Leaves of plants are green because they contain the green pigment, chlorophyll. However, plants contain chromoplasts but they are not green pigments.

6. Assertion (A): Areas near the Equator receive rainfall throughout the year.
Reason (R): High temperature and high humidity cause conventional rain in most afternoons near the Equator.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

R is the correct explanation of A.toggle]

7. Assertion (A): Telephone wires sag more in summer.
Reason (R): They expand due to summer heat.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

The metal of telephone wires expands in summer.

8. Assertion (A): Eskimos reside in igloos.
Reason (R): No other material except snow is available.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false.

Explanation

Explanation

Eskimos live in snow houses called igloos because snow, being a bad conductor of heat, these houses are warm inside./toggle]

9. Assertion (A): India is a democratic country.
Reason (R): India has a constitution of it’s own.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

India is a democratic country because it’s Government is the Government of the people, for the people and by the people. It’s also true that India has its own Constitution.

10. Assertion (A): Pressure cookers are fitted with ebonite handles.
Reason (R): Ebonite is strong.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false.

Explanation

Explanation

The handles of pressure cookers are made of ebonite bbecause it being a bad conductor of heats, doesn’t heat up.

11. Assertion (A): Water kept in earthen pots gets cooled in summer.
Reason (R): Evaporation caused cooling.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Earthen pots have pores through which water evaporates, causing cooling.

12. Assertion (A): Safety fuses are made up of materials having a high melting point.
Reason (R): Safety fuses should be resistant to electric current.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are false.

Explanation

Explanation

Safety fuses are made up of materials having a low melting point so that when excess current flows through the circuit, the fuse melts breaking the circuit and thus prevents appliances.

13. Assertion (A): Pluto is the coldest planet.
Reason (R): It receives slanting rays of the sun.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false.

Explanation

Explanation

Pluto, being farthest from the Sun, hardly gets the sun’s rays. So, Pluto is the coldest planet.

14. Assertion (A): In the upper course, the main work of the river is erosion.
Reason (R): River flows swiftly in the upper course.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

In it’s upper course, the river rushes down a steep slope and so flows swiftly, causing mainly erosion in the region.

15. Assertion (A): Most of the ancient civilization grew near the rivers.
Reason (R): The main occupation of man was agriculture.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Most ancient civilizations grew near the rivers, because of fertile land and availability of water necessary for agriculture, the main occupation of man.

16. Assertion (A): Earth is the only planet known to have life.
Reason (R): Earth has an atmosphere which is a mixture of oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Presence of water is the chief originator and sustainer of life on the Earth.

17. Assertion (A): Passengers in a boat are not allowed to stand.
Reason (R): This may rise the center of gravity of the boat and the boat may topple over due to unstable equilibrium.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

R fully explains A.

18. Assertion (A): Mercury is the farthest planet from the Sun.
Reason (R): Mercury is the smallest planet in the entire solar system.

Answer

Answer

A is false but R is true.

Explanation

Explanation

Mercury is the smallest planet, but Pluto is the farthest planet in the solar system..

19. Assertion (A): Venus is placed distant from Sun as compared to Mercury , yet it is the hottest planet.
Reason (R): Immense carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of Venus creates a green house effect.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

97% of Venus’ atmosphere comprises of carbon dioxide which traps the incoming solar energy very efficiently.

20. Assertion (A): Akbar founded Din-e-Ilahi.
Reason (R): He was motivated by self-glorification.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false.

Explanation

Explanation

Akbar founded Din-e-Ilahi to inculcate moral values in people and abolish religious intolerance. R is false.

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