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Home / Logical Reasoning / Interesting Syllogism Questions and Answers for IBPS Bank PO Exams

Interesting Syllogism Questions and Answers for IBPS Bank PO Exams

The Syllogism test of logical reasoning is given as a practice set to test your merit and analytical power to draw a definite conclusion. If your mind is sharp enough, then you could easily derive the answer in assertive ways. Are you preparing for you management Aptitude Test (M.A.T) or other banking exams like IBPS? Then questions from this section is must during the examination. So, prepare hard to get the taste of success.

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Below are given 20 questions from assertion and reasoning questions with their suitable answers. Try to solve them yourselves and once you could do it successfully, your chance of being passed the exams will be far easier.

In each question below, there are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R).

Share your answer as per below provided codes:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
(e) Both A and R are false.

Q1. Assertion (A): On the equinoxes, the day and night are equal all over the globe
Reason (R): On the equinoxes, the position of earth with respect to the sun is such that neither pole is inclined towards the sun.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

R fully and clearly explains A.

Q2. Assertion (A): A person with blood group O is considered a universal recipient.
Reason (R): Type O blood doesn’t contain any antigens.

Answer

Answer

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Explanation

Group O blood carries no antigens on their cells and do not manufacture antibodies against other blood types. This blood can be safely administered to people with other blood groups. So, group O people are called universal donors. A person with blood group AB is universal recipient.

Q3. Assertion (A): Tides indicate the regular and periodic rise and fall in sea level.
Reason (R): Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

R fully and clearly explains A.

Q4. Assertion (A): The steam engine was invented by James Watt.
Reason (R): There was a problem of taking out water from flooded mines.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

The problem of pumping of water from the flooded mines provided the need of a self-working engine, which led James Watt to invent the same.

Q5. Assertion (A): Increase in carbon dioxide would melt polar ice.
Reason (R): Global temperature would rise.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

The carbon dioxide evapourates in earth’s atmosphere traps the heat. With increase in the proportion of carbon dioxide, therefore, the global temperature would rise, thus causing the polar ice to melt.

Q6. Assertion (A): Tamil Nadu gets most of the rainfall in the winter.
Reason (R): Tamil Nadu gets most of the rainfall from retreating monsoons.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Rainfall in Tamil Nadu is caused by the retreating monsoons which occurs in winter.

Q7. Assertion (A): Graphite is slippery and used as lubricant.
Reason (R): Graphite has free electrons.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Graphite possesses a layer structure with two successive layers held by weak forces and able to slide over one other. So, graphite is slippery and this property finds its use as a lubricant. In Graphite each carbon atom is linked to three other carbon atoms while one electron in the carbon atom is delocalized. So, graphite has free electrons.

Q8. Assertion (A): In India, the judiciary is independent of the executive.
Reason (R): Judiciary favors the government and helps in the implementation of it’s plans.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false

Explanation

Explanation

In India, the judiciary is completely independent of the executive. It has no interference in the affairs of the state nor can it be influenced by the government.

Q9. Assertion (A): We prefer to wear white clothes in winter.
Reason (R): White clothes are good reflectors of heat.

Answer

Answer

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Explanation

We prefer to wear dark clothes in winter because they absorb the heat and keep the body warm. However, white clothes are good reflectors of heat and are worn in summer.

Q10. Assertion (A): In India, people elect their own representatives.
Reason (R): India is a democratic country.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

India, being a democracy, it’s a government run by the representatives elected by its people.

Q11. Assertion (A): Vaccines prevent diseases.
Reason (R): Vaccines must be given to children.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Vaccines prevent diseases by developing immunity inside the body and vaccines must be given to children to build in them a resistance against diseases.

Q12. Assertion (A): Downpour of rain lessens the humidity in the atmosphere.
Reason (R): Rains are caused when atmosphere cannot hold more moisture.

Answer

Answer

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Explanation

Rains are caused when the atmosphere in upper reaches cannot hold more water. But the downpour of rain increases the humidity in the atmosphere near the earth surface.

Q13. Assertion (A): Unpolished rice should be eaten.
Reason (R): Polished rice lacks Vitamin B.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

The husk of unpolished rice contains Vitamin B1, deficiency of which causes the diseases Beri-beri. So, rice should be eaten unpolished.

Q14. Assertion (A): Bats can fly in the night.
Reason (R): Bats emit ultrasonic.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Bats can fly in the night because they can trace the obstacle in the path by perceiving the echo of the ultrasonic sound emitted by them after it’s reflected by the obstacles.

Q15. Assertion (A): Razia Sultan was the daughter of Iltutmish
Reason (R): Iltutmish was a rebel.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false

Explanation

Explanation

Iltutmish was a ruler of slave dynasty and Razia was his daughter.

Q16. Assertion (A): Silver is not used to make electric wires.
Reason (R): Silver is a bad conductor.

Answer

Answer

A is true but R is false

Explanation

Explanation

Silver is a good conductor of electricity but it’s not used to make electric wires because it’s expensive.

Q17. Assertion (A): Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement.
Reason (R): There was violence at the Chauri Chaura outrage.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement because of the violence in the Chauri Chaura outrage.

Q18. Assertion (A): Carbon forms the largest number of compounds.
Reason (R): Carbon has the catenation property.

Answer

Answer

A is false but R is true

Explanation

Explanation

Carbon forms a very large number of compounds due to it’s tendency to form chains and rings of varying sizes, called its catenation property. However, the largest amount of compounds are formed by hydrogen.

Q19. Assertion (A): Uttar Pradesh is called the ‘Sugar Bowl’ of India.
Reason (R): Uttar Pradesh is the leading producer of sugarcane.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

Explanation

Explanation

Uttar Pradesh, being the leading producer of sugarcane in India, is called the ‘Sugar Bowl’ of India.

Q20. Assertion (A): When the bus starts, the person inside it falls forward.
Reason (R): The bus pushes the man forward.

Answer

Answer

Both A and R are false.

Explanation

Explanation

When the bus starts, the person inside it falls backward because the bus moves forward but due to the property of inertia, the men tend to be in the initial state of rest.

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