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Home / Logical Reasoning / Assertion and Reasoning – Verbal Ability Questions and Answers for you

Assertion and Reasoning – Verbal Ability Questions and Answers for you

This test is meant to judge a student or job seeker’s knowledge and with it, his/her ability to reason out correctly. Here two statements referred to as the Assertion [A] and Reason [B] respectively are given. You have to chose the correct answer from the five alternatives given.

Reasoning Question Answer

Source

Below 12 questions from assertion and reason section with their proper answers are given. Revise them repeatedly to prepare well for your upcoming competitive exams.

In each question below, there are two statements labelled as Assertion (A) and Reason (R).

Share your answer as per below provided codes:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false
(d) A is false but R is true
(e) Both A and R are false.

1. Assertion (A): When lighting strikes, the sound is heard a little after the flash is seen.
Reason (R): The velocity of light is greater than that of the sound.

Answer

Answer

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

R provides the correct reason for A.

2. Assertion (A): A ship rises as it enters the sea from a river.
Reason (R): The density of sea water is higher as compared to river water.

Answer

Answer

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Due to higher density of sea water, the upthrust produced by the sea water on the ship is greater as compared to that produced by river water.

3. Assertion (A): Indian President is the head of the State.
Reason (R): Indian Parliament consists of the President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

Answer

Answer

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Indian President is the constitutional head of the executive, the real power being vested in the Council of Ministers.

4. Assertion (A): The pouring of kerosene oil on stagnant pools helps to eradicate malaria.
Reason (R): The kerosene oil is poisonous for mosquitoes.

”Answer”

”Answer”

Explanation

Explanation

The kerosene oil spread on the water provides a thin coating and the larvae of mosquitoes are prevented from coming up to breathe. Thus they die..

5. Assertion (A): Uranium undergoes nuclear fusion reaction.
Reason (R): It has a big unstable nucleus.

Answer

Answer

(d) A is false but R is true.

Explanation

Explanation

Having a big unstable nucleus, uranium undergoes nuclear fission reaction.

6. Assertion (A): Petrol fire can’t be extinguished by pouring water over it.
Reason (R): Water is heavier than petrol.

Answer

Answer

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Water being heavier, slips down and petrol rises to the surface and continues to burn as before. So, petrol fire is better extinguished by putting sand over it.

7. Assertion (A): The British sovereignty continued to exist in free India.
Reason (R): The British sovereign appointed the last Governor-General of free India.

Answer

Answer

(d) A is false but R is true.

Explanation

Explanation

India drafted its own Constitution and formed its own government after gaining independence. So A is false but R is true.

8. Assertion (A): Diamond is used for cutting glasses
Reason (R): Diamond has a high refractive index.

Answer

Answer

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Diamond is hard due to its rigid three dimensional structureand so, it’s used for cutting glass.

9. Assertion (A): The same side of the moon faces the earth at all times.
Reason (R): Moon is the only natural satellite of Earth.

Answer

Answer

(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Moon rotates on its Axis once in 27.33 days and it also takes the same time to revolve around the earth. So, only one.

10. Assertion (A): Sprouting shouldn’t be done before consuming the grains.
Reason (R): Sprouting kills many vital vitamins.

Answer

Answer

(e) Both A and R are false.

Explanation

Explanation

Sprouted grains should be consumed because sprouting enhances the nutrient content of the grains.

11. Assertion (A): Goitre is a common disease in mountainous regions.
Reason (R): The diet of the people in mountains lacks iodine content.

Answer

Answer

(d) A is false but R is true.

Explanation

Explanation

Goitre is commonly caused in mountainous regions because goitre is caused by deficiency of iodine and diet is mountainous areas lacks iodine.

12. Assertion (A): Roughage prevents constipation
Reason (R): Roughage adds bulk to the food.

Answer

Answer

(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Explanation

Explanation

Roughage adds bulk to the food and makes its passage through the stomach easier, thus preventing constipation..

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